Multimedia and clean transportation are two sides of the same coin: the one that will make it possible to contribute significantly to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Under the pressure of public opinion and in the context of innovation fever, progress is approaching and the first operational projects see the light.
In the highly polluting transport sector, a major asset in favor of reducing greenhouse gas emissions relies on a more assured integration of the different modes of transport available to passengers. Thus, multimedia aspires to link the best, most polluting, and least polluting modes of transport on all or part of the journeys, in order to encourage the use of the latter. The pursuit of better integration between the plane and the train is very important in this regard. It was partially ignored by the public authorities. A recent study by BearingPoint shows the integration and climatic interest of optimizing the train-aircraft interface in the French context, while highlighting the difficulties in developing it.
The integration of train planes is still not considered in part in France
In France, although the thinking goes on for a long time, progress is still slow in terms of the possibility available to instantly book a plane + train flight and even slower in terms of being able to easily access one when you have just leave the other. Significant progress However, Air France has promised that, before the end of the year, a joint reservation will be reached on a hundred of its routes, via a digital ticket already tested for a few months on the CDG-Lille link, in particular. D’ailleurs ces dernières années, l’accès à la gare TGV de Roissy s’est progressivement simplifiée, even if voyageurs aériens doivent toujours faire the queue (souvent tres longue) devant an automatic guichet s’ils veulent emprunter un public transport vers Capital. We are still a long way from being able to benefit from the same connecting service between a long-haul flight and a short-haul flight allowing you to travel from start to finish without just going through the ticket office or having to collect your baggage while ensuring that you automatically re-check-in on the short-haul flight if the flight is delayed. long.
In terms of service, we are also still far away in France, apparently, from having the possibility offered in some large Asian cities, Kuala Lumpur for example, to check-in and leave your luggage at the office of the national airline whose office is located in the heart of the city center. In fact, this terminal serves the airport via a direct, convenient and very fast shuttle service equipped with high speed wifi. It is one of the cars of this shuttle that is used to transport the baggage – in a safe manner but without requiring the attention of the owners – and thus the baggage has been registered from the actual start of its journey …
The train is in the heart of the airport
However, in France, this integration – which is called multimodality – is set to develop dramatically, as climate issues, but also economic issues, are pushing for this convergence. Thus following a European trend where the freedom of internal movement, the strength of high-speed rail networks and the quality of airports make it a fertile ground. Against all odds, it is Central Europe that sets the example and gives life to the first large-scale project. In this regard, the most symbolic project of this inevitable planned convergence of the various modes of transport is undoubtedly the Centralnye Port Komunikasini (CPK), officially launched by the Polish government in 2017.
First of all, it is about building a completely new international airport in the heart of the country, but also adding a station in the heart of this project from which 2,000 kilometers of new railways will run, most of which have been taken up by high-speed trains. Finally, this complex will be completed by several hundred kilometers of roads that will connect this new airport with the main arteries, especially the highways of the country. The Polish state has planned to provide part of the funding to be supplemented by European funding – the community has already agreed to finance part of the design work – but also private investment, especially in terms of logistics (hotels, restaurants, shops, etc..). In fact, this is already a structural project entirely for Poland – CPK will eventually replace the current Warsaw International Airport as it will be only 15 minutes to reach the Polish capital – but also for the entire PECO region.
Thus, the new entity, located in the heart of Europe, will provide faster direct access to the entire European community. This project is scheduled to accommodate 40 million passengers annually from its opening, and it is clear that it will create a new competition for Western European airports that today provide many air or rail transport links within Europe.
In Western European countries where the transport infrastructure is already highly developed, the evolution towards multimedia will take place more gradually and above all less radically. Such as the agreement signed last summer between the airline SWISS and the Swiss Federal Railways SBB. From this agreement a new entity Swiss Air Rail was born that brings together all the efforts of the country in terms of multimedia. For example, Swiss Air Rail plans to integrate Central Station in Munich, Germany, into its existing intermodal network, as a result of offering a single reservation to Swiss passengers departing from or arriving in Zurich who thus wish to terminate (or start). Excursion to Munich. The cost of the train ticket will be integrated into the cost of air transportation, with the same possibilities of re-registration in case of problems at a stage. The facilities to be extended to the airline’s business class lounges are for passengers traveling equally well on the train. A train journey may earn Swiss “miles” even when they travel by train… This offer should gradually be extended to passengers at Geneva Airport and many other Swiss cities.
A clean plane… the year 2035
The fact remains that to contribute to greater decarbonisation, transportation must become less emitting of greenhouse gases. If the boom is already underway with the train – now mainly electric – and the electric car starting to take off, the clean plane is not for tomorrow.
Even if the action is well and truly launched there too. Last September, Airbus chief Guillaume Faury announced that the first carbon-neutral commercial flight would likely be … 2035, with the prototype design phase starting around 2025. And again, if this is the hydrogen plane Currently preferred, it will not replace all models, especially those that offer long-haul flights with several hundred people on board.
However, these cautious expectations did not prevent 193 countries from committing to achieving carbon neutrality in civil aviation by 2050. If the Letter of Intent from the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) signatories does not specify this, then it is clear that alternative fuels, produced Using “green” electricity will participate in the equation maintained. Another option: attrition. Last September, the CEO of Aéroports de Paris himself, Augustin de Romanet, announced that ” If air traffic decreases, it will not be an existential tragedy for us Provided that only the heaviest passengers reduce their consumption of air travel: 1% of these account for … 50% of emissions!