Home Lifestyle COP 15: “Humanity has become a weapon of mass extinction,” denounces António Guterres opening the summit

COP 15: “Humanity has become a weapon of mass extinction,” denounces António Guterres opening the summit

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COP15 kicks off, Summit of the Decade to Save Nature | United Nations conference on biodiversity Opens Wed On Montreal With a huge challenge: To conclude a historic agreement within two weeks, the “last chance” From Save species and natural habitats from irreversible destruction.

delegates more 190 countries We meet until December 19th To adopt a new ten-year global framework to protect nature and its resources essential to humanity. time is passing: Millions of species are threatened with extinctionAnd the third of Earth seriously deteriorated And the Fertile soil is disappearingWhile Pollution and climate change accelerate ocean degradation. ” Humanity has become a weapon of mass extinction,” Thunder on Tuesday Secretary-General of the United Nationswhile raising the summit curtain, due to Our unlimited appetite for uncontrolled and uneven economic growth“. this is COP15twin sister in the shadows, policeman On climate, “our chance to stop this orgy of destruction,” he said. But the negotiations have been stalled for three years. It is about perception Agreement of about twenty targetsits main objective is Protect 30% of the land and seas. Another plan Restoring natural habitats, reducing pesticides, and controlling invasive speciesor theFishing conditions and sustainable farming.

The cost of ecosystem degradation is estimated at 3 trillion annually by 2030to remember Antonio Guterres. Prior to his speech, dozens of Indigenous activists protested during an address Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, illustrating the fever caused by the environmental crisis in these communities. Their lands are home to 80% of the world’s remaining biodiversity. Recognition, including financial, of their role in the final agreement is one of the hot issues to be settled. In an effort to reach a conclusion, three days of preliminary discussions took place from 3 to 5 December. But it ended without much progress — only five targets were approved — prompting growing concern among experts and policymakers alike. non Governmental Organization. This summit is an opportunity the world should not miss, and perhaps the last for governments to reverse course and save our precious survival system.he said Tuesday Bernadette Fischler-Hooper, WWF Advocacy Officer. We are in the final stage, and it’s time for everyone to take a step forward, it becomes critical‘, it abounded on Tuesday Patron of the United Nations Environment Programme, Inger Andersenclearly worried.

Biodiversity

But the top-headed China And go to Canada because of Beijing’s zero Covid policyis done without support world leadersHowever, they came in large numbers COP Sharm el-Sheikh climate In November. Thus, the environment ministers will be responsible, as of December 15, for the successful conclusion of the negotiations. The stated ambition is still pending A landmark agreement such as the Paris Climate Agreement in 2015. But some fear Perhaps deliberate strategies to provoke a Copenhagen scenario“, where is the COP Climate It had suffered a fiasco in 2009, notes the NGO Avaaz. To avoid this, countries must agree on measurable and monitorable targets, so as not to repeat the failure of the previous framework, adopted in 2010 in Aichito me Japan. Funding from rich countries to developing countries will also be a crucial point. The Southern Alliance has called at least $100 billion a year for biodiversityas far as climate is concerned, and 700 billion dollars annually by 2030.

Some states like to set up Biodiversity fundIt is a proposal that has been resisted by rich countries that favor improving existing channels, especially public development banks. The thorny issue of biopiracy is also a source of stumbling blocks: many countries are demanding that rich nations finally share the benefits of cosmetics and medicines derived from the South’s conserved resources.

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